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A DEMOCRATIC IMPERATIVE: TEXTBOOK REVISION AND KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION IN OCCUPIED ITALY AND GERMANY, 1943-1949
February 28 @ 4:00 pm - 5:30 pm
At the end of the Second World War, the Allies saw education as a vital tool in the remaking of postwar Europe. Therefore, revision of textbooks was a matter of vital importance. While the denazification process of the school system and the textbooks in Germany is fairly well studied, it is less well known that a similar process took place in Italy. Consequently, there is little comparative scholarship on the topic. This presentation seeks to inject a comparative and transnational perspective into the study of reeducation and textbook revision in these two countries (soon to become three states). The presentation answers the following questions: How did the textbook revision process in occupied Italy, which began in 1943, compare to and influence later efforts in occupied Germany? Did the strategies of knowledge construction vary by occupation zone and occupier? Were some strategies more effective than others, and if so, why?
569 Hamilton Hall